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Tallapaka Annamacharya (also popularly known as Annamayya) (22 May 1408 – 4 April 1503) was a 15th-century Hindu saint and the earliest known Indian musician to compose songs called sankirtanas in praise of the god Venkateswara, a form of Vishnu. He is the first known composer in carnatic music. The most famous composers of Carnatic music like Purandara Dasa, Kanaka Dasa also came after him. The musical form of the keertana songs that he composed, which are still popular among Carnatic music concert artists, have strongly influenced the structure of Carnatic music compositions. Annamacharya is remembered for his saintly life, and is honoured as a great devotee of Vishnu by devotees and saintly singers. He is believed to have been the creator avatar of Nandaka, the sword of Vishnu. He is widely regarded as the Andhra Pada Kavitā Pitāmaha (Grandfather of Telugu song-writing).
Tallapaka Annamacharya was born on Vaishakha Shuddha Pournami in the year Sarwadhari (22 May 1408) in Tallapaka, Near Rajampet Mandal, a village in present-day Kadapa district of Andhra Pradesh, India. Even though his parents belonged to the Nandavarika Brahmin community of Smarta tradition, he took initiation into Vaishnavism and became a Vaishnava in the Vedanta Desika Sampradaya. His wife, Timmakka, had written Subhadra Kalyanam, and is considered the first female poet in Telugu literature. Their son, Pedda Tirumalacharya, and grandson, Tallapaka Chinnayya, were also composers and poets. The Tallapaka compositions are considered to have dominated and influenced the structure of Carnatic music compositions. Annamacharya lived for 95 years until Phalguna Bahula (Krishna) Dvadasi (12th day after full moon) in the year Dhundhubhi (4 April 1503).
Annamayya is said to have composed as many as 32,000 sankeertanas (songs) on the god Venkateswara of which only about 12,000 are available today. He is also the author of musical treatise called "Sankeerthana Lakshanamu".
This is a partial list of some of the most famous Tallapaka Annamacharya compositions.
Adivō Alladivō Śriharivāsamu
Alara Cañcalamaina Ātmalanduṇḍa
Alarulu Kuriayaga Āḍinadē
Anni mantramulu nindē yāvahiñcenu
Antaryāmi Alaśiti Solaśiti
Bhāvayāmi Gōpālabālaṁ Manassēvitaṁ
Brahma Kaḍigina Pādamu
Cakkani Talliki Chāngu Bhaḷā
Cāladā Harināma Saukhyāmr̥tamu
Cēri Yaśōdaku Śiśuvitaḍu
Candamāma Rāve Jābilli Rāve
Dēvadēvaṁ Bhajē Divya Prabhāvaṁ
ḍōlāyāṁ Cālā ḍōlāyāṁ
ēmokō ciguruṭadharamuna eḍaneḍakastūri niṃḍenu
ē Purāṇamuna Eṁta Vedakinā
GovindāŚrita Gōkula Br̥ndā
Harināmame Kaḍu Ānandakaramu
Indariki Abhayammuliccu Cēyi
Itarulaku Ninneruga Taramā
Jō Acyutānanda Jō Jō Mukundā
Kanṭi Śukravāramu Gaḍiyalēḍiṁṭa
Koṁḍalalō Nelakonna Kōnēṭi Rāyaḍu Vāḍu
kṣīrābdi kanyakaku Śrī Mahālakṣmikini
Kulukaka Naḍavārō Kommalārā
Madhava Kesava Madhusoodhana
Mēdini Jīvula Gāva Mēlukōvayyā
Muddugārē Yaśōda Muṅgiṭa Mutayamu vīḍu
Mūsina Mutyālakēlē Moragulu
Nallani Mēni Nagavu Chūpulavāḍu
Nānāṭi Batuku Nāṭakamu
Nārāyaṇa Tē Namō Namō
Neyyamullallō Nērēḷḷo Voyyana ūreḍi Uvviḷḷo
Nitya Pūjalivivō Nericinānōhō
Paluku Tēnelatalli Pavaḷincenu
Poḍaganṭimayya mimmu Puruṣōttamā
Śriman Narāyaṇā Śriman Narāyaṇā Nī Śri Pādamē Śaraṇu
Rajīva Nētrāya Raghavāya Namō
Siruta Navvulavāḍu Sinnakka
Ṣōḍaśa Kaḷānidhiki Ṣoḍaśōpacāramulu
Vandē Vāsudēvaṁ Śrīpatiṁ
Vēḍukoṁdāmā Vēṅkaṭagiri Veṅkaṭeśvaruni Veḍukoṁdāmā
Vinnapālu Vinavale Viṁtaviṁtalu